Online Publishing, Technical Representation, and the Politics of Code: The Case of CJC Online

Michael Felczak, Richard Smith, Rowland Lorimer

Abstract


Abstract: The Canadian Journal of Communication (CJC) began to experiment with online technologies in 1994, in part as a response to the increasing commodification of scholarship by commercial academic publishers. This article reviews and reflects on the CJC’s online publishing efforts over the past decade and suggests that online publishing technology is a site of struggle that is situated by and situates academics, publishers, and readers along interdependent axes of agency, citizenship, and commodification. Today, the CJC uses and contributes to the Open Journal Systems (OJS) publishing technology developed by the Public Knowledge Project. We argue that academic-initiated undertakings such as OJS and the Canada-wide Synergies project present academics with strategic opportunities to define and control online scholarly publishing.

Résumé : En 1994, le Canadian Journal of Communication (CJC) a entamé l’essai de technologies en ligne, partiellement en réponse à la marchandisation croissante de la recherche par les éditeurs académiques commerciaux. Cet article fait le point sur les efforts d’édition en ligne de la part du CJC dans la dernière décennie et suggère que la technologie d’édition en ligne est un site de lutte situant universitaires, éditeurs et lecteurs le long d’axes interdépendants d’action, de citoyenneté et de marchandisation. Aujourd’hui, le CJC utilise, tout en y contribuant, la technologie d’édition « Open Journal System » telle que développée par le Public Knowledge Project. Nous soutenons que des initiatives académiques comme l’OJS et le projet national Synergies offrent aux universitaires des occasions stratégiques de définir et contrôler l’édition savante.


Keywords


Sociology and philosophy of technology; Sociotechnical; Technology assessment; New media; Scholarly publishing; Online publishing

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